Most Read articles are refreshed daily and are based on full text downloads (PDF and HTML) from the previous 30 days and previous 12 months Below is a Top 5 excerpt from the previous 30 days. Educated at IIT Delhi, IIT (BHU) Varanasi, The Lawrence School Lovedale and Bishops School Pune, Vikram has published two books: COCKTAIL a collection of fiction short stories about relationships (2011) and APPETITE FOR A STROLL a book of Foodie Adventures (2008) and is currently working on his novel, writing short fiction and compiling his memoirs.
A modern example is the rise of communication technology, which has lessened barriers to human interaction and, as a result, has helped spawn new subcultures; the rise of cyberculture has, at its basis, the development of the Internet and the computer.12 Not all technology enhances culture in a creative way; technology can also help facilitate political oppression and war via tools such as guns.
These include primates such as chimpanzees , 69 some dolphin communities, 70 and crows 71 72 Considering a more generic perspective of technology as ethology of active environmental conditioning and control, we can also refer to animal examples such as beavers and their dams, or bees and their honeycombs.
The other important aspect of this article – the substantive goal of the piece – is Roth’s effort to reconstruct the development of Marx’s thinking about technology and technology change, the ways that capitalism interacts with technology, and the effects that Marx expected to emerge out of this complicated set of processes.
The notion of appropriate technology was developed in the 20th century by thinkers such as E. F. Schumacher and Jacques Ellul to describe situations where it was not desirable to use very new technologies or those that required access to some centralized infrastructure or parts or skills imported from elsewhere.